September 4, 2018 • 12:00 pm -
at Old Town, 15060 Antonio Drive,
Speaker: Juan S. Garcia, Secretary, The Lipan Apache Tribe of Texas
"How the Lipan Apache Used the Buffalo"
In about 1723,
the Lipan Apaches came into contact with Spanish woodcutters at Elotes Pass. The Spaniards had named the pass "Elotes"
for the corn they found growing there. Elotes, or as it is now called, Helotes, was a Lipan seasonal agricultural camp and
the Tribe maintained a presence there until about the mid-1850's. Eventually the Comanches drove the Lipans from the
area but the Lipans continued to make frequent raids in the San Antonio area. There were also some Lipans that settled among
the Mission Indians in the San Antonio missions. The Lipans were a nomadic tribe and did not practice agriculture to a great
extent. Waiting for the crops to mature invited clashes with the Comanches, their traditional enemies. The Lipans probably
planted the corn, but they were primarily hunter/gatherers.
a descendant of Lipan Apaches, will give a presentation on how his ancestors used the buffalo, showing the tools, weapons,
and other artifacts they made from the buffalo. The buffalo, according to Garcia, was a walking “Wal-Mart” for
the Lipan Apaches. Garcia who dresses in full Apache regalia is a resident of Corpus Christi, Texas. Retired from Occidental
Chemical Corporation since 2014, Garcia also does volunteer work at the Texas State Aquarium and at St. Peter's Catholic
Church. Garcia has been giving presentations to schools, retirement homes, and other places for more than 20 years. He has
been secretary of the Lipan Apache Tribe of Texas for the last six years. Visit the group's website at www.lipanapache.org.
- $10; Non-Members - $15. A deluxe box lunch from Jason's Deli. Order from three menu items on Meetings
page. Reservation/meal order must be made by September 2nd. Email firstname.lastname@example.org
for more information. This meeting is open to the public.